Skip to main content

tv   BBC World News  PBS  July 28, 2011 5:00am-5:30am EDT

5:00 am
>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put it global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
5:01 am
>> the king answers. china's prime minister promises a full investigation into a deadly train crash. in the spotlight, u.s. politicians' failure to sol the debt crisis causes european and global markets to dip. the european union condemns violence in the balkans as tensions flare. welcome to "bbc world news." i'm naga munchetty. also in the program -- appearances can be deceptive, how residents of a greek rule are struggling to make ends meet. and taking down for the pulse for a game of ping pong, the latest social craze that sweeps the world.
5:02 am
>> china's premier has pledged to punish those responsible for the high-speed rail crash which killed 39 people over the weekend. the accident has raised questions over whether safety has been neglected in china's rush to build the world's biggest high-speed rail system. our correspondent, martin patience, has this report from the crash site in eastern china. >> premier wen jiabao came here to the scene of the crash to pay his respects. if you just look at that viaduct, it was from there that six carriages plummeted to the ground, dozens were killed, more than 200 were injured. premier wen is often referred to as grandpa wen in china. he's a soft and cuddly face of the party. when there's a crisis, as is this, the premier is called upon. he stressed that the party would get to the bottom of the cause of this crash. but this crash has thrown into
5:03 am
jeopardy the whole of china's future plans for its high-speed rail network, and it's creating a deep sense of mistrust between authorities and the people. >> china spoke about criticism of china and over it building a high-speed train link. a maw people in china, in fact, in some part of the world, are saying you cannot just push ahead at breakneck speed without consideration to the damage to environment, now the damage to human life, and that is a message that many chinese public are taking to heart. they're saying we do not want a blood g.d.p. growth. >> and also, we've seen the prime minister say that he's going to punish severely those responsible. what's happening now with the investigation into the crash? >> well, they are looking into the tactical nature of the
5:04 am
crash and the research institute of signaling has now come up for a public apology and taking some responsibility. but i don't think that is enough to quiet the public and many questions are still unanswered. >> u.s. debt has hit the global stock markets and suffered its worst day in two months. asia stocks moved lower and europe has followed followed suit. the democrats and republicans have put forward rival plans, but unless an agreement is reached by august 2, the u.s. faces a default on its debt. >> ♪ raise the debt ceiling ♪ >> there's a new voice in america's debt ceiling debate. this rapper and comedian is offering his advice for the politicians in washington. his video went viral on the internet. but in the nation's capital,
5:05 am
the message isn't getting through. there's still no agreement. the house of representatives is due to vote on republican proposals later on thursday, but president obama's already said he'll veto them. so what lies behind this budget standoff? well, if america can't borrow more money, it won't be able to pay its bills. the republicans won't raise the debt ceiling beyond the current staggering level of $14.3 trillion unless the obama administration promises to cut the debt. the democrats say they'll accept huge cuts and no tax increases, but the republicans say they'll only raise the ceiling for six months, meaning this debate will head into a presidential election year. on wall street, share prices fell again on wednesday. traders fear that no agreement will lead to the u.s. defaulting on its debt. washington effectively unable to pay the bills, a catastrophe
5:06 am
for the u.s. and beyond. the deadline for a decision is next tuesday. politicians have just a few days left to make up their minds. daniel griffith, bbc news. >> not surprisingly, the markets finally putting that little bit of pressure on the u.s. lawmakers to make the deal. >> up till now, the markets have been complacent almost as if they're stupid, oh, they'll come to a deal. but now, because the deadline is ticking, they're thinking, just in case, we'll limit our risk exposure. so if you have a look at the markets, you can see all the markets we've got here, the dow finished down 1.6%. look at the ftse, again down, 21 points, but still down. that's a run of days where it's down. the nikkei also down. again, they're changing their attitude, moving away from risk, going to the safe haven assets, the swiss franc, the gold. we see the gold price go up.
5:07 am
essentially the government has to pay $23 billion by august 3 in social security payments. that's the payments to the ordinary people in terms of their benefit payments, and, of course, if it can't make that agreement by the second of august, it can't pay that out to the ordinary people as well. >> these figures are staggering, aren't they? >> absolutely. if they don't reach an agreement, then it pushes the borrowing costs up to the united states. we talked about this credit downgrade. j.p. morgan said it could cost an extra $100 billion a year for the united states. but if the united states has to borrow more, that essentially pushes borrowing costs up for everybody, because it always trickles down to you and me, to the little people. and essentially, it means a raise in interest rates, and essentially, again, we've seen the housing market, we've seen companies being more reluctant to spend. it could really, you know, the economy is very fragile at the moment, and so it could be devastating. >> and just wanted to squeeze in a quick bit of news?
5:08 am
>> a bit of breaking news. a high-court judgment about online piracy. it's the hollywood studio who tried to stop illegal downloading. they have won their court case in the high court in london. it forces the internet service provider to cut off customers' access. they're not going after the website that's doing this, they're going after the internet service provider, and the high courts have said the hollywood giants have won, so we'll have a lot more on that in a little bit. >> but all the other internet service providers are going to be watching that. >> huge implications. >> thanks very much. nato troops are maintaining the peace at the border crossing between kosovo and serbia after it was attacked by ethnic serbs in the north. territory. the situation remains tense after their attempts to take control. it was attacked in 2008 after kosovo unilaterally declined independence from serbia. our balkans correspondent has
5:09 am
this report. >> violence has returned to the volatile flash point of northern kosovo. ethnic serbs there setting fire to a border crossing with serbia. a group of masked youth attacked the post, smashing windows and hurling bombs. border staff were evacuated as the surrounding mountains were choked by plumes of acrid, black smoke. it was the most serious clash in kosovo in many months. it came after a week of high tension in the north, an area where the serb majority rejects kosovo's independence. kosovo police were sent to the northern border on monday in an attempt to take control of crossings not previously under their authority. but the serbs resisted, erecting road blocks. in scuffles that ensued, a kosovo policeman was killed. a young recruit simply following orders, his body was brought to the capital, where he was honored by his colleagues. kosovo's government has been
5:10 am
criticized for ordering the police operation. the european union said it did not approve of the action, which it called unhelpful, but the kosovo prime minister defended it. >> partnerships with our international friends must be preserved, but the constitution and the sovereignty of my country are sacred for myself and for my countrymen and go beyond any partnership or loyalty. >> the move was intended to enforce a recent ban on the import of serbian goods imposed by kosovo in response to an equivalent ban from belgrade. but the e.u. says the whole issue must be resolved by dialogue, not provocation. serbia has condemned the violence in the north, calling the perpetrators extremists and hooligans. tension is once again rising in this unstable corner of europe. >> francis is here with the sport now.
5:11 am
now, i remember the name, hawkeye technology. that's the thing in tennis, where you see if the ball has hit the line and there's no more john mcenroe-style screaming. >> no more, "you cannot be serious." >> it's in other sports, cricket, rugby. >> it's the ballers on the ground. it may now be in football. just for goals going over the goal line, and that includes the goal and the rest of the line going up. >> it's about time, isn't it? >> well, it is, but it may come in for the next world cup in three years. we can show you what happened in the last world cup. this is from england's point of view, because they were playing germany, and this would have made the game 2-2. this shot clearly went in. it was way over the line. that was disallowed, so this will be the decision that will be adjudicated on if they can get their technology right, and that means if they can decide within one second of the ball hitting the ground. if the refs say yes, that was a goal, then they could use the technology, which could be very
5:12 am
interesting. >> but, of course, it does take away the debate. the water cooler moments, all the twitter moments, where you can complain to everyone about how how terrible the referee is. >> i think a little less. >> let's just show you some goals. this is champions league qualifying, so they are looking good to go into the champions league. they're playing turkey. the spanish forward with the first goal. that was after 71 minutes, the second leg is away in turkey next week, and then the argentinian player with that superb goal. they go into the second leg next week, and they could be into the champions league as well. >> good stuff. francis, thanks very much. still to come -- ping pong or table tennis, whatever you call it, just know it's it's the hippest sport in town.
5:13 am
>> an operation in somali is underway. the airlift is the first of 10 being carried out by the united nations' world food program in response to the severe drought which is ravaging the horn of africa. tons of nutritional supplements are being transferred from kenya to somalia, rumored half the entire population urgently needs food aid, and many children are already severely malnourished. our correspondent, will ross, has this report. >> the world food program says the first airlift will feed 3,500 children for the next month. but given the scale of the problem in somalia, it's just a drop in the ocean. the drought has hit so hard, parts of the south, over a third of all children are severely malnourished. aid agencies say with so many children in a precarious situation that the danger is that disease could break out. in somalia, almost half the entire population urgently
5:14 am
needs food aid. rations have been cut in recent months. now there's a massive fundraising drive to increase the assistance. the somali prime minister has ps complained that the u.n. is being too slow with the delivery of food. several organizations are managing to access areas held by the islamist insurgent group, al-shabab. delicate negotiations continue. but some analysts are questioning why this emergency would not prevented as the severe drought and food shortage were predicted late last year. in somalia, people can't wait for the aid to reach them. war and hunger are driving more than 1,000 somalis across the border to kenya and to the desperately overcrowded refugee camps. the journey takes its toll on the weak. today the latest victim of the drought was laid to rest in the camp. will ross, bbc news, nairobi.
5:15 am
>> you're watching "bbc world news." the headlines this hour -- china's prime minister vows to punish those responsible for a high-speed train crash in which at least 39 people died. there's a global trend. more than half a million people who fled to post-election violence in the ivory coast early this year are still too afraid to return home. that's according to the campaign group, amnesty international. in a report, the organization says that militia loyal to the new president hasn't been disbanded and they continue to intimidate the forces of the ex-president. speaking in new york, the president promised that anyone who's been found to have participated in the violence would be prosecuted. >> i'd like to say strongly that the rule of law -- we want
5:16 am
to abide by human rights. this is very important for us. we do not want discrimination. and we don't want to accept impunity. >> the world affairs correspondent, mark doyle, is with me now. you've got this report in front of you. anything that jumps out? >> well, what's interesting is as we heard president ouattara say there, he himself is in favor of the rule of law and in favor of supporting the human rights. no one who's met president ouattara would disbelieve him. the question is, are the armed men that helped him come to power of the same mind? it would seem many of them are not. this particular group, the traditional hunters, who have effectively become a militia under president ouattara, are scaring particular ethnic groups perceived to be loyal to
5:17 am
the former president and stopping them from returning home. so about 700,000 people or so still homeless. >> and where are they they moment? >> the vast majority are inside ivory coast, in church compounds, in the forests, and afraid to go home because of the traditional hunters who helped ouattara come to power. they're sort of monitoring their villages and scaring them. but about 150,000 to 200,000 have taken refuge in neighboring liberia. >> and amnesty international is demanding what of ouattara? to have a clear chain of command? to take control of these groups. >> exactly. but that is easier said than done, because there was basically an on-off conflict for about a decade, and the north of the country was separated from the south. ouattara always disassociated himself from that war, as it were, saying he's a politician, he wants to be democratically elected. he was, but then the other guy wouldn't leave power, and ouattara only came to power with the help of armed groups.
5:18 am
it's those armed groups who he's not in charge of now. >> i know you're going to keep abreast of the situation. thanks. in other news, an independent commission will look into the events surrounding friday's bomb attack and mass shooting in norway. the panel will examine the killing of more than 70 people and the role of the police, who's been accused of responding too slowly. there's also to be a national memorial for the victims and compensation for their relatives. our world affairs correspondent, jon brain, is in oslo and has spoken to one of the survivors from the island. >> more and more he details are emerging of what happened on that island, as anders breivik carried out his 90-minute gun rampage. some of the information coming from the survivors who had a particular trauma there. ivan is one of them. ivan, you actually came pretty much face to face with the gunman. tell me what happened. >> well, when he started shooting, we ran down to the water on the back side of the
5:19 am
island, and i tried to hide behind some rocks, but there were too many of us to hide, and up to 40, 45 minutes, he came out, and he saw us and he told us that we were from the police and he was safe. i didn't believe him, and some of the other guys did, and he shot them. and he started shooting around me, and he got several several of the guys around me, and then he had to reload his gun. and then i got my chance to get away, and i run into the water, and i started swimming. i got my clothes off, boots off, and started swimming. >> was he still firing at you? >> then he reloaded his gun and started firing again. and he went down to the water, and he shot many of the people
5:20 am
trying to escape from there. but luckily he didn't get me, and he didn't. i was just lucky. >> did it feel real? did it feel like it was something really happening? >> no. i just got away from there, but it felt like being in a movie or a horrible movie. it's got nothing to do with reality at all. >> and what have the last few days been like you? >> ups and downs. the first few days, i was really tired, i was not asleep, still afraid. but now, since getting better, i have so many good friends around me to support me, and we try to support each other and things are getting better. >> ivan, thank you very much
5:21 am
for sharing your story with us, and, of course, there are many stories like this as norway picks itself up from this terrible tragedy. now back to you. >> the impact of greece's economic crisis on the everday lives of its citizens tends to be obscured by protests. but in reality, austerity measures have raised fears of long-term joblessness and enhanced the difficulty of keeping a small business afloat. at a time of national belt tightening, our reporter has visited one historic town to find out if life really is getting more spartan in sparta. >> when you look over the ruins of ain kept sparta, the modern-day centerpiece can be deceptive. today they say they're peculiaring the economic slaves, and they're angry. meetsing under the statue of the warrior king, this group masterminded a 250-kilometer
5:22 am
protest march. >> we don't want to sell out. since losing his job in athens, this business graduate has had to move back to sparta and back in with his parents. >> you lose your quality, because you tend to offer the community, you can offer for yourself or your family. >> another of the protesters owns a patisserie business with sales vastly down over last year and costs up. he told me he might have to fire for some of his staff. he fears for his family's future after the hefty loans he's taken out for the business. the natural splendors aren't enough to attract tourists in the numbers needed to revive the local economy, although the potential for foreign investment might be key. without it, this region would be pretty much lost economically.
5:23 am
given that greeks are eating 70% fewer oranges than they were just a year ago, the growers here are having to get radical to keep their business alive. >> we're having to target exports, particularly to russia and the balkans, because we believe that's the only way now to sell our products. we think the income from that will save our business and help the greek economy. >> with basic products the victims of recession, there doesn't seem to be much hope for the spartan bling of this furniture superstore, where customers have been on the ground. >> our clients have said goodbye, if this business was opening today, i think that maybe had no chance of surviving. >> mundane life in greece provides endless examples of the impact of the recession. and greece's latest austerity measures haven't even hit yet.
5:24 am
>> did you know that ping pong is becoming trendy again? it's already fashionable in new york. the hollywood star, susan sarandon, has set up a members-only club. in berlin, the sport has formed its own fashion range and design of stores. the bbc's reporter went to try her hand at the hope -- at the hippest sport. >> meet sam, alyssa, and james, some of the trendiest characters in town. they've come to a bar to hang out and play, not a game of pool or darts, but ping pong. >> we play with father, we can earn money. i think it's really easy. it's pretty cheap. you have to have special, cricket, ping pong, you go to
5:25 am
the bar, grab a ball and a bat, and you play. really fun and simple. >> oh, ping pong, you can play. a bit of flexing. >> of course, it hasn't always been like this. ping pong used to be the classic entertainment available at the local youth club. the only thing to do on a wet weekend. but all of that has changed. >> it's astonishing. when i first started playing, -- but now it is absolutely the epicenter of the kind of fashionable, hip, trendy. >> and when world leaders agree to have a go, you know that people have decided ping pong is the thing to be seen doing, and the fever is spreading, particularly amongst the student population in bars and clubs putting on special ping pong evenings to keep up with the growing demand.
5:26 am
>> luckily for me, it's the kind of game you can play without too much skill, and that's why it's become less about the sport and more about the factor. >> the game has come a long way since its humble beginnings on a dining room table in 19th century england, as it now has an estimated 300 million players worldwide, but who knows what the game will look like in centuries to come. >> you should try to give it a go. now, they say that it's curiosity that killed the cat, and it was almost the case when, in scottland, an 8-week-old kitten climbed into the washing machine when her owner returned. the kitten, called princess, was washed at 30 degrees celsius. she went through two spin siblings before she was discovered clinging to a pair of jeans. she is now recovering, i'm pleased to say, and is likely to be given a clean bill of health.
5:27 am
>> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
5:28 am
5:29 am


disc Borrow a DVD of this show
info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on